14 List of Layer 1 (L1) Blockchains in 2024

List of 14 Layer 1 (L1) Blockchains in 2024

The layer 1 blockchain landscape is undergoing rapid and transformative evolution, with profound implications for the decentralized ecosystem. Serving as the fundamental building blocks for decentralized applications, layer 1 (L1) blockchains have emerged as the cornerstone, providing not only scalability, security, and interoperability but also setting the stage for a new era of digital innovation. As we navigate through the dynamic terrain of 2024, it’s crucial to examine the eminent layer 1 blockchain list comprising the top 14 contenders, each driving forward the decentralized revolution with unique features and approaches.

These L1 blockchains are more than just technological solutions; they’re catalyzing the shift towards decentralized paradigms across various sectors. In this pivotal year, the layer 1 blockchain list stands as a testament to the remarkable strides made in creating the decentralized future, with the choices made here shaping the very foundations of the digital landscape for years to come.

14 List of Layer 1 Blockchains of 2024

14 List of Layer 1 Blockchains of 2024

In 2024, the landscape of blockchain technology continues to evolve rapidly, with various Layer 1 blockchains showcasing their unique features and capabilities. These Layer 1 blockchains serve as the foundational protocols on which decentralized applications (DApps), smart contracts, and various other blockchain-based innovations are built. As the industry matures, developers and projects are exploring these diverse blockchains to find the best fit for their specific use cases. Here are some of the top 14 Layer 1 blockchains that have gained prominence in 2024:

1. HeLa

HeLa stands out as a revolutionary layer 1 blockchain protocol with a dedicated mission of actualizing the potential of Web3. It effectively tackles challenges encompassing scalability, interoperability, privacy, and user experience, positioning itself as a guiding light for emerging layer 1 blockchain initiatives seeking widespread acceptance. By introducing innovative features, Hela not only facilitates impressive transaction speeds, ensuring user-friendly interactions, decentralization, and security but also fosters seamless interoperability among diverse blockchains, contributing to a unified ecosystem for efficient data and value exchange.

The protocol, a standout in the layer 1 blockchain list, places strong emphasis on privacy measures and user-friendly interfaces, incorporating stablecoin-based gas fees that maintain consistent transaction costs regardless of market fluctuations. Developed by esteemed scientists and engineers, HeLa is resolute in driving practical real-world adoption.

2. Ethereum

Ethereum, a trailblazer in the realm of layer 1 blockchains, serves as a vanguard by fueling a myriad of decentralized applications. With its advanced ecosystem, Ethereum has not only established the benchmark for smart contract capabilities but also consistently pushes the boundaries of innovation. Powering an extensive layer 1 blockchain list, it remains at the forefront of technological evolution in the blockchain space.

3. Solana

Solana has risen to prominence as an exceptionally scalable Layer 1 blockchain, purposefully crafted for widespread acceptance. With its remarkable capacity for high throughput and minimal latency, it has garnered significant favor among both developers and users. This blockchain’s unique attributes position it as a standout in the ever-expanding layer 1 blockchain list, effectively meeting the demands of mass adoption and emerging as a preferred choice in the blockchain ecosystem.

Also Read: Top 10 Cryptocurrencies With High Transaction Speed

4. Astar

Astar, formerly recognized as Plasm, stands out as a highly scalable decentralized blockchain designed to catalyze the upcoming surge of Web3 advancements. Rooted within the Polkadot ecosystem, Astar introduces a dynamic multi chain framework, enriching the layer 1 blockchain list. This innovative approach empowers developers to harness its capabilities, fostering a versatile environment for groundbreaking applications and technologies in the realm of decentralized networks.

5. Cronos

Cronos stands out as an EVM-compatible layer 1 blockchain, meticulously crafted using the Cosmos SDK. This cutting-edge platform not only bridges the divide between Ethereum and Cosmos but also serves as a crucial link in the layer 1 blockchain list. Its primary objective is to offer developers an effortless and integrated experience, unlocking new dimensions for decentralized application creation and interaction within the blockchain ecosystem.

6. Kadena

In the realm of layer 1 blockchains, Kadena emerges as a distinctive platform, presenting an adaptable and fortified infrastructure designed specifically for dApps and smart contracts. What sets Kadena apart is its innovative hybrid methodology, seamlessly integrating the strengths of both public and private blockchains. This approach results in a scalable and secure ecosystem that caters to the unique demands of decentralized applications. Kadena’s inclusion in the layer 1 blockchain list is a testament to its exceptional capabilities and its potential to reshape the landscape of blockchain technology.

7. Injective Protocol

The Injective Protocol, an integral component of the Cosmos ecosystem, operates as an interoperable layer 1 blockchain, strategically aimed at nurturing seamless cross-chain operations and elevating the decentralized trading encounter. Distinguished for its inclusion in the layer 1 blockchain list, this protocol significantly facilitates the integration of diverse blockchain networks while prioritizing an enhanced and inclusive trading atmosphere.

8. Avalanche

Avalanche stands out as an exceptionally developer-friendly Layer 1 blockchain protocol, offering a forward-looking approach to blockchain solutions. Through its innovative consensus mechanism and utilization of subnetworks, Avalanche proves to be a remarkably adaptable option suitable for a wide array of applications. This exceptional protocol merits its place among the top choices in the layer 1 blockchain list, promising not only versatility but also a future-proof foundation for diverse use cases.

9. BNB Chain

Ranked prominently in the layer 1 blockchain list, BNB Chain, previously recognized as Binance Chain, stands as one of the most substantial blockchains in terms of transaction volume. Serving as the foundational infrastructure for the expansive Binance ecosystem, it provides the underlying framework for numerous decentralized applications (dApps) and a diverse array of tokens. This places BNB Chain at the forefront of innovation and utility within the blockchain landscape.

10. Near

The Near Protocol stands out as a climate-neutral Layer 1 blockchain, renowned for its remarkable swiftness in processing transactions and imposing minimal fees. It has garnered attention as an environmentally conscious choice among developers who prioritize sustainability. This blockchain has secured a prominent place on the layer 1 blockchain list due to its impressive combination of ecological mindfulness, rapid transaction capabilities, and cost-efficiency.

11. Polkadot

Polkadot functions as a groundbreaking sharded protocol, facilitating the concurrent operation of numerous distinct blockchain networks. Serving as a dynamic hub for innovation, Polkadot not only enables seamless interaction and communication among these interconnected chains but also nurtures extensive collaboration within the realm of blockchain technology. Its unique design, rooted in a layer 1 blockchain list, underpins this harmonious multi-chain ecosystem, propelling the boundaries of what’s achievable in decentralized applications and cross-chain functionality.

12. Shardeum

Shardeum stands out by implementing dynamic state sharding, a cutting-edge technique that ensures the platform’s scalability grows linearly as demand increases. Operating as a Layer 1 blockchain, Shardeum seamlessly accommodates Ethereum-based applications, thanks to its compatibility and support for the layer 1 blockchain list. This synergy of dynamic state sharding and Ethereum compatibility positions Shardeum as a highly promising EVM-based solution, poised to revolutionize the realm of decentralized applications.

13. Flare Network

Flare Network operates as a dynamic bridge, interlinking diverse data origins, including other chains and the internet, thereby amplifying the capabilities of decentralized applications (dApps). By seamlessly integrating with an array of data sources from the layer 1 blockchain list and beyond, Flare Network significantly enriches the functionality of dApps, fostering an interconnected and versatile blockchain ecosystem.

14. Sui

Sui Network has swiftly gained the admiration of DeFi developers among the emerging layer 1 blockchain projects due to its exceptional and distinctive features. Setting itself apart with its remarkable ability for instant transaction finality and rapid processing speeds, Sui Network has become the preferred choice for many. What adds to its allure is the utilization of the streamlined Move programming language, enabling efficient development of smart contracts. The platform’s recent achievements, including a successful mainnet launch and a strategic partnership with Red Bull’s Formula One racing team, serve as clear indicators of its rapidly rising prominence within the layer 1 blockchain list and the broader blockchain arena.

The Importance of Layer 1 Blockchains in Decentralization

The Importance of Layer 1 Blockchains in Decentralization

Layer 1 blockchains play a foundational role in the decentralized landscape, serving as the bedrock upon which all decentralized applications find their footing. These blockchains provide a crucial combination of security, scalability, and consensus mechanisms, effectively ensuring the secure and efficient processing of transactions. As the decentralized ecosystem continues to expand, the significance of Layer 1 blockchains becomes increasingly pronounced. Not only do they uphold the present infrastructure with their robust capabilities, but they also lay the groundwork for forthcoming innovations in the field. Their role is not confined to supporting existing applications; rather, they function as the springboard for future advancements in the realm of blockchain technology.

In this dynamic environment, the concept of a layer 1 blockchain list gains prominence. This list encompasses the diverse array of foundational blockchains that offer the essential framework for decentralized applications to flourish. These blockchains form the building blocks of the decentralized landscape, underpinning the entire network with their intricate interplay of security protocols and consensus mechanisms. As the decentralized ecosystem evolves, the layer 1 blockchain list becomes a compass, guiding developers, entrepreneurs, and enthusiasts toward the platforms that hold the potential to catalyze innovation, drive scalability, and shape the future of decentralized technologies.

Also Read: Things that you know about Layer 1 Scaling Solution

The Evolution of L1 Blockchains and What’s Next

The Evolution of L1 Blockchains and What's Next

The progression of L1 blockchains has been nothing short of astonishing. Starting with the groundbreaking emergence of Bitcoin, these Layer 1 blockchains have embarked on a remarkable journey. From Bitcoin’s pioneering role, we witnessed Ethereum’s introduction of smart contracts, revolutionizing decentralized applications. Not to be outdone, Solana brought rapid transaction speeds to the forefront. 

This dynamic evolution underscores the constant adaptation of L1 blockchains to the needs of the decentralized landscape. Looking forward, we can anticipate a new wave of advancements in scalability, interoperability, and sustainability within the Layer 1 blockchain list. As quantum computing and other technological frontiers approach, the next generation of L1 blockchains stands poised not only to address unforeseen challenges but to seize untapped opportunities, reshaping our conception of decentralized systems.


In 2024, the landscape of Layer 1 blockchains has evolved into a sprawling tapestry, characterized by its diversity and innovation. With each blockchain presenting its own distinctive features and advantages, these Layer 1 networks are poised to exert a profound influence on the trajectory of the decentralized future. 

Whether you’re a developer actively crafting the next generation of applications, an investor seeking strategic opportunities, or simply an enthusiast curious about the unfolding decentralized web, maintaining a watchful gaze upon this dynamic layer 1 blockchain list will undoubtedly yield valuable insights. These blockchains, functioning as the foundational building blocks of the digital landscape, are set to shape and define the contours of the decentralized web as it continues to unfold in the years ahead.

Joshua Sorino
Joshua Soriano
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I am Joshua Soriano, a passionate writer and devoted layer 1 and crypto enthusiast. Armed with a profound grasp of cryptocurrencies, blockchain technology, and layer 1 solutions, I've carved a niche for myself in the crypto community.

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