5 Top Layer 1 (L1) Cryptocurrencies To Watch in 2024

As we navigate through the dynamic terrain of the crypto landscape, in the year 2023 unfolds with a renewed emphasis on Layer 1 crypto projects, marking a pivotal juncture in the evolution of blockchain technology. Layer 1, often referred to as the heart of blockchain systems, is where the core protocols and consensus mechanisms are established, shaping the very essence of decentralization. 

Beyond mere transactional prowess, the spotlight now illuminates the profound significance of these projects in forging a future that prioritizes scalability to accommodate a global user base, fortified security to withstand ever-advancing threats, and an ecologically sustainable approach to align with growing environmental concerns. This exploration delves into the vanguard Layer 1 crypto that are propelling this paradigm shift, ultimately reshaping the foundation of digital ecosystems and paving the way for a decentralized tomorrow.

What is Layer 1 Crypto?

When delving into the realm of cryptocurrencies, it’s crucial to grasp the concept of “Layer 1.” This term refers to the foundational layer within a cryptocurrency ecosystem or platform. To illustrate, consider Ethereum, a prime example of a Layer 1 blockchain, which serves as the bedrock upon which Layer 2 projects are built to enhance its capabilities.

Layer 2 projects, ingeniously designed to sit atop Layer 1 blockchains, encompass a wide array of applications, ranging from the captivating realm of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) to the intricate landscape of decentralized finance (DeFi). Essentially, Layer 1 functions as the primary security provider and underlying framework for the entire network.

Also Read: Layer 1: Definition and How does it work?

In times of market downturns, such as during a bear market, when various cryptocurrencies and initiatives experience declines in value, a prudent strategy involves reverting to the basics. By directing your investments towards well-established Layer 1 projects that have garnered popularity and credibility over the years, you not only reinforce your investment portfolio but also align with the enduring strengths of the crypto landscape.

The Rise of Layer 1 Projects

The rapid rise in crypto adoption, a phenomenon that gained momentum in recent years, has propelled the number of cryptocurrency holders to an astonishing 425 million by 2022. This surge has not only captured the attention of individual investors, but also institutional players and businesses across the globe. As the crypto landscape continues to evolve, it has become increasingly evident that the limitations and bottlenecks experienced by earlier blockchain iterations are being vigorously tackled by a new wave of Layer 1 crypto projects. 

These projects, built upon innovative technologies and novel consensus mechanisms, are striving to revolutionize the fundamental aspects of blockchain technology, addressing long-standing issues related to transaction speed, scalability, and security. With this dynamic ecosystem of competing solutions, the stage is set for a transformative shift in the way blockchain systems operate, potentially unlocking new realms of applications and opportunities beyond what was previously imaginable.

5 Top Layer 1 ( L1) Crypto To Invest in 2023

The top 5 Layer 1 crypto refer to the leading blockchain platforms that serve as the foundational layer for various decentralized applications and cryptocurrencies. These Layer 1 crypto projects aim to provide scalability, security, and other features that facilitate the development of decentralized applications (dApps) and smart contracts.

1. Hela

At the forefront of technological innovation, Hela Labs proudly introduces Hela, an advanced layer 1 blockchain protocol designed to usher Web3 into practical reality. Despite the rapid progress in blockchain technology, widespread adoption remains a challenge. Hela’s pivotal objective is to surmount this hurdle by ingeniously integrating groundbreaking attributes that directly tackle issues of scalability, interoperability, privacy, and user-centric experience, thus propelling the seamless fusion of blockchain into everyday life.

Technical Differentiators:

  • Utilizes the Tendermint protocol incorporating Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT) and Proof of Stake (PoS) mechanisms
  • Collaborative alliance with A*STAR’s Institute of High Performance Computing to jointly develop the Hela Chain.

2. Moonbeam

Operating as a parachain within the dynamic Polkadot network, Moonbeam plays a pivotal role in enabling seamless cross-chain integration by leveraging its robust bridge infrastructure, all while providing a versatile smart contract platform that remains fully compatible with the Ethereum ecosystem.

Technical Differentiators:

  • Provides entry points for DApps to scale between Ethereum and Polkadot.
  • Moonbeam’s integration with Polkadot’s Proof of Stake model allows collaborators to produce state transition proofs, ensuring efficient and secure transaction validation. This integration facilitates seamless cross-chain interactions, making it a favorite among developers.

3. Secret Network

Utilizing the Cosmos/Tendermint framework as its foundation, this Layer 1 crypto places a strong emphasis on privacy-centric smart contracts, enabling the execution of encrypted inputs, outputs, and states for heightened confidentiality and security.

Technical Differentiators:

  • Offers SecretSwap, a cross-chain decentralized exchange
  • Built atop the Cosmos/Tendermint framework, Secret Network’s emphasis on encrypted data within smart contracts sets it apart. This encryption ensures that user data remains private, a feature not commonly found in other Layer 1 crypto projects.

4. Kadena

Kadena, established by former executives of JP Morgan, is dedicated to revolutionizing decentralized transactions and data sharing by tackling the pressing issues of speed and scalability head-on.

Technical Differentiators:

  • Kadena’s use of 20 simultaneous braided chains is a game-changer. This unique approach allows for multiple blocks to be added concurrently, enhancing both capacity and security. It’s a step forward in preventing malicious actors from disrupting the network.

Also Read: What is a Layer 1 Chain?

5. Algorand

Distinguished by its innovative Pure Proof of Stake consensus mechanism and BFT (Byzantine Fault Tolerance) compliance, Algorand emerges as a standout solution within the scalability trilemma, showcasing transaction throughput that rivals prominent financial networks.

Technical Differentiators:

  • Algorand employs a Pure Proof of Stake consensus, ensuring high transaction speeds.
  • Algorand’s Pure Proof of Stake (PPos) consensus is its crown jewel. This consensus mechanism ensures that the network remains secure and decentralized, with transaction throughput that rivals major financial networks.


The blockchain world is vast, and as we delve deeper into 2023, the prominence of Layer 1 crypto projects is undeniable. These projects are not just about creating another cryptocurrency; they’re about building a decentralized future where scalability, security, and sustainability are paramount. As investors, developers, and enthusiasts, it’s crucial to keep an eye on these projects, for they hold the key to the next phase of blockchain evolution.

As the crypto landscape continues to evolve, one thing remains clear: Layer 1 crypto projects are here to stay, and their impact on the future of decentralized technology is immeasurable. 

Joshua Sorino
Joshua Soriano
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I am Joshua Soriano, a passionate writer and devoted layer 1 and crypto enthusiast. Armed with a profound grasp of cryptocurrencies, blockchain technology, and layer 1 solutions, I've carved a niche for myself in the crypto community.

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